By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20 th century witness extraordinary geared up genocide? do we study why genocide is perpetrated by means of evaluating diversified instances of genocide? Is the Holocaust specified, or does it proportion explanations and lines with different circumstances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union lower than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia lower than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on ancient assets in addition to trial files, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it grew to become so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and strains its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable international: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all of the situations, a robust country pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of excessive trouble, those states distinctive sure nationwide and racial teams, believing that basically the annihilation of those "enemies" could permit the dominant team to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to hitch within the usually ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This e-book deals essentially the most soaking up bills ever written of the inhabitants purges endlessly linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A arguable and richly textured comparability of those 4 smooth circumstances, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Extra resources for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
Like the Greek ethnos and genos, it simply meant a group of people, and writers from the ancient to the early modern world used it to describe all sorts of collectives: a kinship group, people with similar customs, the subjects of a particular state, or those with a common social function like students or even bonded laborers. 5 But in the modern period, the term has undergone such a profound transformation by becoming tightly bound to politics—to the form of the nation-state—that it has only a limited and restricted association with its earlier meanings.
While genocides have not been uncommon, regimes on the order of these two have, thankfully, been less typical. In writing this study, I have violated one of the historian’s cardinal rules: to work only on areas where he or she knows the language of the people and has access to the primary sources. I have ventured far from my core areas of knowledge but felt that the last two of my selections— Cambodia and the former Yugoslavia—were at least partly justified by my familiarity with the history of twentieth-century communism.
Thomas Jefferson, slaveowner and Enlightenment thinker, wrestled with this problem his entire life, giving it various turns. 59 The French revolutionaries, under pressure from slave revolts in the Caribbean, ultimately granted equality to free people of color and then abolished slavery. 60 Caribbean mulattoes and their supporters in Brought to you by | Duke University Authenticated Download Date | 12/12/15 4:43 AM 30 ■ chapter 1 the National Assembly and Convention defended the claim for equality precisely on the ground that the mulattoes were of partly white ancestry.
A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz