By James F. Eder
For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have validated homesteads and new methods of lifestyles on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland barren region. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in response to in the community variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity provides an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler group based throughout the Nineteen Forties. in keeping with certain info on the degrees of neighborhood, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 uncomplicated topics: the advance of a post-frontier village financial system; loved ones ideas for survival and prosperity; and person goals as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those topics are attached into an built-in research of swap locally throughout time and set in the context of wider adjustments in society.
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Additional resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
But the concern is about the severe environmental degradation accompanying commercial logging, in-migration, and forest settlement, not about the nature of rural socioeconomic structure. Many Philippine uplands remain dominated by smallholder forms of production. As in the Tengger highlands of Java studied by Hefner (1990), these forms may prove particularly tenacious in view of the ecological and political realities. The Nature of Philippine Development The Philippines is a rich country, rich in human capital and natural resources, and yet its people are poor, among the poorest in Southeast Asia.
Neither have San Jose residents been the only ones to derive profit from community resources and opportunities. Just as capitalist elites from elsewhere in the Philippines have derived considerable profit from Palawan, so too have local elites—wealthy town-dwelling business folk, for example—bought up San Jose land for such relatively capital-intensive uses as cattle grazing, citrus farming, and orchid growing. The insistent efforts of wealthy outsiders to acquire community land for homes or businesses and the resulting local temptations to subdivide and sell farmland have come to weigh heavily on the economic decision making of second-generation households (see Chapter 5).
22 Chapter 2 Spain established a church and garrisoned a fort at Cuyo in 1622 and long retained the island as its principal foothold in this part of the Philippines. From Cuyo the Spanish nominally administered, but never fully controlled, Palawan Province, which embraces both Palawan Island and numerous small islands, including Cuyo. Cuyo figured prominently in the long, costly, and ultimately futile Spanish effort to wrest control of the southerly portions of the Philippine archipelago from the Muslims of the Sulu zone.
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder