By Cai Hua
The Na of China, farmers within the Himalayan area, reside with out the establishment of marriage. Na brothers and sisters dwell jointly their complete lives, sharing family tasks and elevating the women's young children. as the Na, like every cultures, limit incest, they perform a process of occasionally furtive, occasionally conspicuous night encounters on the woman's domestic. The woman's partners--she often has greater than one--bear no fiscal accountability for her or her kids, and "fathers," until they resemble their young ones, stay unidentifiable.This lucid ethnographic research exhibits how a society can functionality with out husbands or fathers. It sheds mild on marriage and kinship, in addition to on the placement of girls, the mandatory stipulations for the purchase of id, and the effect of a communist kingdom on a society that it considers backward.
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Extra info for A society without fathers or husbands: the Na of China
Given that the mode of the visit differs in its essential aspects from the mode of marriage and that the pater is lacking, the structure of the purely matrilineal lienee differs from that of the limited family. Is it possible to conceive of a more rigid defin ition for marriage and for the family? Why is it that, according to all available anthropological knowledge, only the Na live without marriage? Are they the exception that confirms the rule? If the answer is yes, which rule are they confirming?
In cohabitation between a female serf and a male com moner, there were always serfs at the zhifu's disposal, but the consequences of this arrangement made finding a cohabitant too difficult. In the opposite situation, cohabitation between a male serf and a female commoner, the zhifu would run out of serfs beginning with the next generation. Moreover, many more men than women had become serfs on an individual basis.
As for what existed before, I can say for certain 59 A S O C I E T Y W I T H O U T F A T H E R S O R H U S B A N D S that the formation of the aristocracy came about through a more or less close kinship relationship to the zhifu's family. But al though the term si'pi means chief, not all of the lianees that made up the stratum were dominant in this society. The commoner stratum consisted of lianees that maintained their legal indepen dence. The serf stratum was characterized by servitude and a par tial loss of legal independence for both individuals and lianees.
A society without fathers or husbands: the Na of China by Cai Hua