By B. Siertsema
If Phonetics is a relatively fresh topic for eu scholars of overseas languages and is eyed by means of them with a few sus picion as an invention that's intended to make their reports tricky, it truly is much more so with English Phonetics for African scholars. haven't Africans been studying English for over a century, and with stable ends up in many situations, with no giving a idea to its phonetics? Why introduce this new topic and upload to the variety of books they need to learn and the variety of examinations they need to cross ahead of they could get their measure? but if the learn of a international language is to be brand new its phonetics can't be overlooked; to the contrary, it truly is as vital because the research of its spelling, if no more so. With the discovery of radio and mobile, of gramophone and tape-recorders, the significance of the spoken notice has elevated immensely and it truly is way more crucial now than it used to be 100 years in the past that those that research a overseas language may still discover ways to converse it correctly. hence a brand new topic has been extra to the agenda of language scholars and lecturers: the research and perform of the sounds of the language, and for the academics additionally the research of the way to educate those sounds.
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Extra resources for A Test in Phonetics: 500 Questions and Answers on English Pronunciation and How to Teach it in West Africa
155. What do you mean by that term? 156. In highly emotional, emphatic speech we may overdo the clear beginning; what is the resulting sound heard? 157. What can you say about the ways vowels may end: Can you think of a reason why Oh! should be written with an h? 158. What would be the difference between that and the ending of a long, wailing O-o-o! 26 VTII. ) 159. If no is pronaunced with a certain determination, in what way does the vowel end? Describe it organically. 160. Can you account for the spelling Nope for a very determined no!
Explain the terms you use. 468. Compare the r's in after and weather; why do you transcribe the one in after only? 469. What is this kind of r called? 470. The idea -r- of it. Why do people often insert an r there? What is this called? 471. What can you say about the r in three? 472. Why do you pronounce the a in all different from the a in after? 473. What about alley? that, too has ll? 474. Are there any other vowels influenced by finalll? Mention them. 475. Compare the th in three and in weather.
72. Paper often sounds the same as pepper in their pronunciation, again because this diphthong [ei] is foreign to them. 73. [ai sei I hi sez I ai sedJ; [ai lei I hi leiz I hi peidJ. 74. [ouJ and [eiJ are closing diphthongs. The term closing expresses the movement of the tongue (and lips) in their pronunciation: the second of each pair of vowels is closer than the first. 75. The tongue goes in the direction of the position for the second vowel, that position is not necessarily reached. 76. The teacher can emphasize this "closing" quality of the diphthongs by moving his lower jaw from a fairly open 49 In.
A Test in Phonetics: 500 Questions and Answers on English Pronunciation and How to Teach it in West Africa by B. Siertsema