By Charles Lumpkins
Charles Lumpkins exhibits that black citizens of East St. Louis had engaged in formal politics because the 1870s, exerting impact during the poll and during patronage in a urban ruled by means of robust actual property pursuits whilst many African americans in different places skilled setbacks in exercise their political and fiscal rights.
While Lumpkins asserts that the race riots have been a pogrom—an prepared bloodbath of a selected ethnic group—orchestrated via yes businessmen rationale on combating black citizens from reaching political strength and on turning town right into a “sundown” city completely cleared of African americans, he additionally demonstrates how the African American neighborhood survived. He situates the actions of the black voters of East St. Louis within the context of the bigger tale of the African American quest for freedom, citizenship, and equality.
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Additional info for American Pogrom: The East St. Louis Race Riot and Black Politics
In , the Obear-Nestor Glass Company sited a facility in East St. Louis that provided jobs for workers producing mainly flint and green bottles for breweries, canneries, and other corporate consumers. Southern Illinois Construction Company, founded by contractors C. L. Gray and William J. Edinger in , planed lumber and cut stone. Established in by businessmen from Iowa, Indiana, and East St. Louis, the East St. 1-108 6/13/08 4:35 PM Page 27 rily from Tennessee, Missouri, and Kentucky and prepared the wood for the European market.
Louis, the East St. 1-108 6/13/08 4:35 PM Page 27 rily from Tennessee, Missouri, and Kentucky and prepared the wood for the European market. The Pittsburgh Reduction Company, an aluminum processor, opened an East St. Louis facility, the Aluminum Ore Company, in . Pittsburgh was later renamed the Aluminum Company of America and went on to gain international importance as the corporate giant Alcoa. 30 Businessmen welcomed the population surge brought about by the arrival of intermediary firms that employed from several dozen to a few thousand mainly unskilled workers.
All tabulations from the census data are by the author. laborers did not dominate the unskilled workforce as they did in many other industrial cities. Or perhaps African Americans had established enough of a presence in East St. Louis, moving into low-wage industrial jobs in the city, before large numbers of eastern and southern Europeans arrived in the United States. Yet another possible reason African Americans held their ground is that southern Illinois, with its strong orientation to southern folkways, was an area where they had long been regarded as the workingclass population best fit for doing the least desirable jobs.
American Pogrom: The East St. Louis Race Riot and Black Politics by Charles Lumpkins