By John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, Michael Cookson, Leah Dunn
Indonesia suffered an explosion of non secular violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence via legal gangs, the safety forces and militias within the past due Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s. via 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism challenge of any state. some of these types of violence have now fallen dramatically. How used to be this complete? What drove the increase and the autumn of violence? Anomie idea is deployed to give an explanation for those advancements. unexpected institutional swap on the time of the Asian monetary obstacle and the autumn of President Suharto intended the foundations of the sport have been up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures thought is used to provide an explanation for the gaming of the principles and the disengagement from authority that happened in that period. eventually resistance to Suharto laid a origin for dedication to a revised, extra democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that happened used to be no longer in response to the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that used to be the normative choice of those authors. fairly it was once in response to non-truth, occasionally lies, and but giant reconciliation. This poses a problem to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.
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Extra resources for Anomie and violence : non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding
Both were involved in the scramble for new kinds of illegitimate opportunities. Anxiety and uncertainty about what the rules of the game would be in the new institutional order led to acutely defensive reactions to political events that might have been interpreted more benignly in other times. For example, among many Christians in Central Sulawesi, Maluku and North Maluku, Habibie becoming president in May 1998 was feared to be the completion of an Islamic takeover of a formerly secular state (Sidel 2008).
Kivimäki’s (2004) work discussed in Chapter 5 shows that combatant groups often have very different conceptions to their opponents of what the fighting is about. This leads to the following kind of strategic mistake. The group that thinks this is a local turf war between gangs looks at its local dominance and thinks it will win; the group that interprets it as an inter-ethnic war looks at the greater strength of its ethnic group across a whole province and decides it will win. Peace journalism has a critical role in educating gangs that are escalating a conflict because they think they will win.
Chapter 2 construes this new and resource-contrived partition of Papua as an important risk factor for further conflict. 25 Anomie and Violence More paradoxical still is the effect of the Australian Newcrest goldmine on the Kao lands in North Maluku (Chapter 3). Makian political opportunists succeeded in getting subdistrict boundaries redrawn so that the new mine would fall in lands where the population would be overwhelmingly Makian. This move was at the heart of starting a conflict that cost more than 3000 lives.
Anomie and violence : non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding by John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, Michael Cookson, Leah Dunn