By C. A. Benzo (auth.), P. D. Sturkie Ph.D. (eds.)
Since the booklet of past variations, there was the recent version has a few new members, a substantial bring up in examine task ina quantity who've written at the worried process, feel organs, of components, with every one succeeding variation together with new muscle, endocrines, copy, digestion and immu chapters and a variety of data in older chap nophysiology. individuals from earlier variants ters. have increased their choices significantly. The fourth variation comprises new chapters, at the authors are indebted to numerous investigators, muscle and immunophysiology, the latter a space journals and books for the numerous illustrations used. Indi the place study on Aves has contributed considerably vidual acknowledgement is made within the legends and to our normal wisdom of the topic. references. Preface to the 'Third version because the ebook of the 1st and moment variations, pathways of birds and mammals. New participants in there was a substantial bring up of study activ clude M. R. Fedde and T. B. Bolton, who've com ity in avian body structure in a few components, together with pletely revised and multiplied the chapters on respira endocrinology and replica, middle and move, tion and the frightened method, respectively, and J. G. breathing, temperature law, and to a lesser ex Rogers, Jr. , W. J. Mueller, H. Opel, and D. e. Meyer, who've made contributions to Chapters 2,16, 17, tent in another components. There seemed in 1972-1974 a 4 quantity treatise and 19, respectively.
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Additional info for Avian Physiology
In addition, two important fiber tracts connecting both halves of the brain occur in the midbrain, the posterior commissure and the supraoptic decussation, which connect the tectal regions and other adjacent nuclei. The Cerebellum. The avian cerebellum is well developed and consists of a large central area, the vermis, and two lateral lobes (Figure 1-21). The central vermis is subdivided into anterior, middle, and posterior lobes by two deep fissures; the middle lobe is separated from the anterior lobe by the fissure primura and from the posterior lobe by the fissure secunda.
1977). Putative neurotransmitters of the avian visual pathway. , 119, 417. L. (1969). The anatomy of the avian auditory system. Ann. Y. Acad. , 167, 186. P. Arnold. (1982). ]. , 210,190. , and H). Karten. (1981). Organization of the avian accessory optic system. Ann. Y. Acad. , 374, 215. 1. (1969). The control of avian vocalization by the central nervous system. A. ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 79. 1. (1971). An exploration study of vocalization areas in the brain of the redwinged blackbird (Ange/aius phoeniceus).
The central axons of these Cranial Motor Systems neurons enter the medulla, where the vestibular components are separated from those that arise from the In addition to the efferent outflow from motor centers cochlea itself, and pass to vestibular nuclei. The coch- in the brain that descend in spinal cord tracts, numerous lear axons are distributed to three cochlear nuclei; the motor fibers are carried by the cranial nerves from magnocellular, the angular, and the laminar (Parks, brainstem nuclei to various somatic and visceral struc1981; Jhaveri and Morest, 1982; Rylander and Snow, tures.
Avian Physiology by C. A. Benzo (auth.), P. D. Sturkie Ph.D. (eds.)