By E. Richard Gold
In Body Parts, E. Richard Gold examines even if the physique and fabrics derived from it―such as human organs and DNA―should be regarded as industry commodities and topic to estate legislations. studying a sequence of courtroom judgements touching on estate rights, Gold explores no matter if the language and assumptions of estate legislations can assist society verify who has rights to human organic materials.
Gold observes that the economic possibilities unleashed via advances in biotechnology current a problem to the ways in which society has normally valued the human physique and human well-being. In a balanced dialogue of either advertisement and person views, Gold asserts the necessity to comprehend human organic fabrics in the context of human values, instead of fiscal interests.
This perceptive ebook could be welcomed by way of students and different execs engaged in questions relating to bioethics, utilized ethics, the philosophy of price, and estate and highbrow estate rights. Given the foreign elements of either highbrow estate legislation and biotechnology, this e-book could be of curiosity during the global and particularly helpful in common-law (most English-speaking) nations.
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Extra info for Body Parts: Property Rights and the Ownership of Human Biological Materials
To ask why something has meaning for some individual, one must understand the beliefs and conceptions of that individual. When we combine into a society, we carry forward our beliefs and conceptions and share them. We express our shared beliefs and conceptions by the way that we live and the way in which we communicate with one another. The human body is something about which we have complicated and often conflicting beliefs and conceptions. The body is valuable to us in many and diverse ways, from being the physical form through which we act, to being a source of pride, to being a reflection of God, to being a means through which to express sharing.
For example, the way a child values a piece of chalk in a classroom, as a means through which to learn a lesson, is different from the way the child values the chalk when wanting to play hopscotch. Because goods are valuable for different reasons at different times, different people may concurrently value a good in different ways. I may value the piece of chalk as being a useful way to communicate my message to you, but you may value it because it reminds you of your youth. In these circumstances, we both can value the chalk in our separate ways.
For example, if we regard long-term relationships and enjoyment as two faces of the same mode of valuation, say pleasure, we could determine which of the two participants in the sexual relationship most values the relationship in accordance with pleasure. Alternatively, even if no such fundamental mode of valuation exists, there may be some way of measuring or ranking the different modes of valuation applicable to the good and resolving any conflict according to which mode measures or ranks higher.
Body Parts: Property Rights and the Ownership of Human Biological Materials by E. Richard Gold